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    Plastic Bags

    Myths: Fact or Fiction

    Degrade in Landfill Myth

    The Single Use Myth

    Recycling

    Paper vs. Plastic Bags


    Paper vs. Plastic Studies

    Reusables Greener?

    Types of Bags

    Litter: The Facts
    Public Health

    Canada Update

    Bags Around the World

    The Oil Myth

    Made in Canada
    Ireland's Bag Tax

    Studies & Statistics

    Our sources, by topic, include:

    Degrade in Landfill

    Single-Use Myth

    Are Reusable Bags Greener than Conventional Plastic Shopping Bags?

    Amount of Primary Use Required for Reusable Bags to Match Environmental Performance of Conventional Plastic Shopping Bag*

    Type of Carrier Bag

    HDPE Bag
    (No Secondary ReUse)

    HDPE Bag
    (40.3% reused as kitchen catchers)

    HDPE Bag
    (100% reused as kitchen catchers)

    HDPE Bag
    (reused 3 times)

    Plastic Bag

    1

    2

    2

    3

    LDPE Bag

    4

    5

    9

    12

    Non-woven PP Bag

    11

    14

    26

    33

    Cotton Bag

    131

    173

    327

    393

    Graphic Look at the UK 2011 Life Cycle Assessment of Supermarket Bags (including reusables)
    Source: BBC Magazine? http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/magazine-17027990

    Which bag has the lower carbon footprint?

    Used just once, a plastic bag has a lower carbon footprint

    Paper Versus Plastic Bags - Which is More Environmentally Friendly?

    Paper versus Plastic – The Studies  

    Litter - Canada

    Ireland and its Litter Myth

    Sacks and Bags of Polymer of Ethylene 39231200
    TONNES - 1996 - 2006


    YEAR
    1996
    1997
    1998
    1999
    2000
    2001
    2002
    2003
    2004
    2005
    2006

    EU
    12,204
    13,939
    16,724
    16,345
    17,575
    18,275
    20,730
    19,016
    19,028
    22,379
    24,515

    NON EU
    8,453
    6,604
    10,439
    10,916
    12,872
    11,571
    5,612
    5,092
    4,149
    5,398
    7,134

    TOTAL
    20,747
    20,543
    27,163
    27,261
    30,447
    29,846
    26,342* 
    24,108
    23,177
    27,777
    31,649**

    Public Health - Lost in the Debate About Bags

    Canada Update- Trends in Managing Plastic Shopping Bags

    Recycling Council of Ontario Ontario Plastic Bag Reduction Task Force

    Recycling

    http://www.baisep.tw/Images/recycling_clip_image002_0000.gif

    Sources: End Market Statistics, NS & ON MOE Data, Recycling Council Input

    Reduction Strategies - What Works

    Waste Diversion - Diverting Bags from Landfill

    PICTURE OF BAGS IN PROVINCE OF ONTARIO

    Provincial Bag Task Group :

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    Toronto Waste Audits & Stewardship Ontario Waste Audits multiple audits 2005 – 2007
    http://www.stewardshipontario.ca/stewards/library/single-family-waste-audit-program#sf2007

    City of Toronto 2011 Waste Audit Data on Plastic Shopping Bags

    City of Toronto 2010/2011 Waste Audit Data on Plastic Shopping Bags
    Single-family Waste Composition Audit – Combined Results - Summer 2010, Winter & Spring 2011

     

    Green Bin

    Recycling

    Residual Waste

    Total Generation

    Material Category

    Material Accepted

    All Groups (kg/hhld per yr)

    All Groups (kg/hhld per yr)

    All Groups (kg/hhld per yr)

    All Groups (kg/hhld per yr)

    Percent of total(%)

    Recovery Rate(%)

    Polyethylene Plastic Bags & Film – Packaging Carry Out Bags

    REC

    2.21

    0.77

    2.07

    5.05

    0.6%

    15.3%

    Toronto 2011 Diversion - 2011 Residential Waste Diversion Organics

    PICTURE OF BAGS IN TORONTO

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